The development and use of a research self-efficacy scale to assess the effectiveness of a research training program for academic librarians


  • Kristine R Brancolini Loyola Marymount University
  • Marie R Kennedy Loyola Marymount University



research self-efficacy, research confidence, research process, academic librarians, scale development


Research self-efficacy – or research confidence – has been shown to be a predictor of research productivity. There is also some evidence that it is a mediating factor between the research training environment and research productivity. To explore the connection between research training and research self-efficacy, the authors developed, validated, and later expanded a scale to measure research self-efficacy among academic librarians. They used the expanded 38-item scale to measure the research self-efficacy of participants from a three-year research training workshop for academic librarians, comparing results before and after the workshop. Participants experienced significant increases in research self-efficacy across all 38-questions, within the annual cohorts and across all three years. The question-level results were used to make changes to the summer workshops in Years 2 and 3, in order to improve the effectiveness of the summer workshop to increase research self-efficacy. This study confirms that a measurement of research self-efficacy can be a useful tool in assessing the effectiveness of research training and improving that training.

Author Biographies

Kristine R Brancolini, Loyola Marymount University

Kristine R. Brancolini is Dean of the Library, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, California

Marie R Kennedy, Loyola Marymount University

Marie R. Kennedy is the Serials and Electronic Resources Librarian, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, California






Refereed Research Articles